And a rich aubergine and pepper chutney
Aubergine – A food by many names
What a a profusion of names have been given to this beautiful and shiny food. It is known as the aubergine in Europe, eggplant in the USA and Australia and the Anglo Indian name of Brinjal is also used by South Africans, Asians and West Indians. Other names for the fruit are apple-of-love, pea apple, garden egg, susumber and terong. In the southern United States the eggplant is sometimes called the “guinea squash”, the Hindi is baingan, and, in Italy, it is known as melanzana.
(See below the Chelsea Physic Garden note and the latin Name)
The aubergine certainly does have a right to feel confused.
Botanically a fruit and culinarily, a vegetable
The aubergine contains seeds and henceforth it is a done deal that it is a fruit, as previously exposed in the tomato blog, That at least is the botanical angle.
In the everyday use and on menus it is easier, however, to refer to it as a vegetable. They are not sweet like fruits and they need some cooking, so even the pedant around should cave in to calling them vegetables.
Well despite all this confusion the aubergine is a beautiful, and let’s say, fruit or vegetable. It is also particularly versatile and can be prepared and enjoyed in many different ways.
First off is an aubergine recipe to be found in Lets Preserve It. The following is a rich and slightly spicy chutney.
AUBERGINE AND CAPISCUM (PEPPER) CHUTNEY
2 aubergines, 2 peppers (green, red or 1 of each), 113g (4oz) shallots, clove, peeled garlic, 425ml (3/4 pint ) vinegar, 1 apple, 56g (2oz) brown sugar, 1tsp. curry powder, 25mm(1in) cinnamon stick, 25mm (1in) root ginger, 1 bay leaf, olive oil, salt, turmeric.
Cut aubergine and peppers in strips, removing seeds; rub with salt and turmeric; mix curry powder with a little vinegar, add cinnamon, ginger and bay leaf. Leave 15min; fry cut vegetables, including sliced shallots and garlic for 10min, stirring occasionally; add sugar, and peeled chopped apple; cook further 10min; add curry mixture and vinegar; simmer till thick; add salt to taste; remove cinnamon, ginger and bay leaf before potting.
Makes about three 1lb jars.
A perfect accompaniment to a cheese or meat Ploughman’s.
The following pate is my basic recipe and quite the speediest.
One aubergine, one lemon, olive oil, salt and pepper to liking
(I live in a garlic free household, but feel free to include when adding the lemon and oil if you so wish)
Slice aubergine in half and roast for 40mins, Scoop out the flesh and put into a bowl with juice of lemon and enough olive oil for your liking. Mix thoroughly – or use a blender – and add salt and pepper to taste. Easy peasy. Dip and spread as you wish.
In addition to pate, dips and chutneys, aubergines can also be served
roasted, mashed or deep fried, stewed and they
are the principal ingredient in moussaka
Follow the links for some great recipes for
use as a meat substitute,
a wonderful pasta sauce,
Finally the Latin name is Solanum melongenais and The Chelsea Physic Garden currently have a walk explaining the reason, purpose and need for botanical plant names.
Yet another reason to visit this wonderful Garden